The way Donald Trump communicates is post-literate ("He makes an end-run around literacy"), and for Kaplan it is "still unclear if American democracy can survive and prosper in the digital era". People in the digital age often lack comprehensive understanding of issues, something that has been vital for every democracy in history. And digital life makes it possible to change and register emotions and positions every hour, not just every two or four years. Kaplan sees our societies in a very early stage of digitization, "so we still don’t know if the two words digital and democracy will go together."